The Catawban languages, also known as the Eastern Siouan languages, are a small language family formerly spoken by Native American populations in the eastern United States. It is a subfamily of the larger Siouan-Catawban language family.
The Catawban language family consists of two languages:
Both of the Catawban languages are now extinct. Gordon (2005) reports that the last native speaker of Catawba died before 1960. Red Thunder Cloud, an impostor born as Cromwell Ashbie Hawkins West, claimed to have spoken the language until his death in 1996. The Catawba tribe is currently working to restore the language.
- Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com).
- Parks, Douglas R.; & Rankin, Robert L. (2001). The Siouan languages. In R. J. DeMallie (Ed.), Handbook of North American Indians: Plains (Vol. 13, Part 1, pp. 94-114). W. C. Sturtevant (Gen. Ed.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-050400-7.